Resources

There are many resources available in support of Supply Chains for Children - e.g. tools, databases, technical packages, catalogues – both published by UNICEF and by others. Some examples are listed below. We would be pleased to receive links to any others you have found useful.

ENTIRE SUPPLY CHAINS

 

 PUBLICATIONS

2015 Supply Annual Report - Supply Chains for Children (UNICEF) 
Published: 2016
Website linked: UNICEF

The 2015 Supply Annual Report provides an overview of key UNICEF Supply activities that focus on competition, transparency and collaboration to achieve sustainable markets to achieve value for money, working with governments and partners to build strong supply chains and build technical capacity, effective emergency response to support the millions of children caught in crisis and conflict, and real-time innovation to prepare and respond to health emergencies.

Process Guide and Toolkit for Strengthening Public Health Supply Chains through Capacity Development
Published: 2016
Website linked: Supply Chains for Children

This Process Guide and Toolkit for Strengthening Public Health Supply Chains through Capacity Development aims to support country governments, UNICEF country offices and other development partners to strengthen national supply chains through a comprehensive capacity development approach, improving both performance and sustainability of the supply chain.

Logistics Handbook: A practical handbook for the supply chain management of health commodities (WHO)
Published: 2009
Website linked: WHO

This handbook explains the major aspects of logistics management with an emphasis on contraceptive supplies. It is intended to help managers who work with supplies every day, as well as managers who assess and design logistics systems for entire programmes. Available in English, Spanish and French

Why HR in health SCM are important & HOW can they be strengthened?
Published: 2014
Website linked: People that Deliver Initiative
 

A two-page brief that outlines the key messages describing the importance of HR for SCM and how country based change can take place.

 

 KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES

HR capacity development in health SCM (People that Deliver Initiative)
This guide provides you with a four stepped approach to follow in your country context to systematically develop professional human resources for health logistics and supply chain.

Procurement and Supply Management (PSM) Toolbox (WHO)
A broadly comprehensive database that lists available PSM tools and is presented in the form of a search engine to find and select PSM tools that are needed for a particular PSM technical area of interest to the professional. The tools are developed, published and submitted by AMDS partners who regularly update them by submitting newer versions or new tools.

International Association of Public Health Logisticians - Resources (The International Association of Public Health Logisticians (IAPHL))
 IAPHL members can access a library of resources by logging into the Knowledge Gateway online community.

Supply Chains 4 Community Case Management (JSI) (SC4CCM)
SC4CCM is a learning project implemented by JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc., focused on finding affordable, simple, and sustainable supply chain solutions that address the unique challenges faced by community health workers. Our goal is to demonstrate that product availability can be significantly improved at the lowest levels of the supply chain, thereby contributing to improved child health in communities.

Reports of the WHO Paediatric Antiretroviral Working Group (WHO)
The Paediatric Working Group defined the criteria for optimization and then evaluated all available paediatric products against these criteria. This process resulted in three related lists: Optimal products, Limited-use products and Non-essential products.

Cold Chain Country Support Package (UNICEF) 
The Cold Chain Country Support Package (CCCSP) was developed by UNICEF to support UNICEF Country Offices and Procurement Service partners in their efforts to strengthen immunization supply chains through the procurement of cold chain equipment and services.

 

 RELATED WEBSITES AND ARTICLES

Rethinking the vaccine supply chain: Project Optimize (WHO/PATH)
Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization (WHO) and PATH, has been given a unique mandate to think far into the future: to put technological and scientific advances to work, helping define the ideal characteristics and specifications for health products and creating a vaccine supply chain that is flexible and robust enough to handle an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Supply Chain and logistics (TechNet)
All topics related to immunization supply chain and logistics, including vaccine forecasting and supply planning, distribution systems, vaccine management, vaccine wastage, and waste management.

UNICEF Supply Catalogue (UNICEF)
The Supply Catalogue contains detailed specifications and a comprehensive range of other information for over 2,000 commodities that respond to the needs of children and their families.

UNICEF Procurement Services (UNICEF)
The central objective of UNICEF Procurement Services is to assist development partners in the procurement of quality, value-for-money supplies from reliable manufacturers. Procurement Services provides a broad approach to supply management, building on national capacities, and includes technical assistance, management services and supply services.

 

 WEBINARS/MEETINGS/CONSULTATIONS

Consultative meeting of an informal working group on extemporaneous formulations of medicines for children
Results of a meeting which took place in Copenhagen, Denmark July 18-23 2010.

Supply Chain Management for Community Case Management: An overview of the potential pitfalls and common solutions (CCM Task Force)
Webinar organised by the Supply Chain Management Subgroup of the CCM Task Force. Provides an overview of the common pitfalls and bottlenecks of the CCM supply chain and potential solutions to these challenges.

DEFINITION OF NEED

WASH Technology Information Packages (UNICEF) - 2016
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) technologies are many and varied, and it can be difficult for field staff to decide which are the most appropriate and affordable tool for the job at hand. The WASH TIPs are a practical set of guidelines and tools to help you make the best choice. Includes useful spreadsheets and calculators to establish bills of quantities, etc.

Technical standards (UNICEF) - 2013
Essential information on the necessary technical standards for UNICEF medical devices, nutrition supplies, pharmaceutical products, vaccines, syringes and cold chain equipment.

Essential Medicines List for Children (WHO) - 2013
18th edition of the list - intended for use for children up to 12 years of age.

Priority live-saving medicines for women and children 2012 (WHO/UNICEF) - 2012
Priority medicines are medicines with potential to save lives and should be available in all health systems. The list helps countries select and make available the most important medicines, as agreed between WHO and UNICEF - as well as other useful resources.

Sources and prices of selected medicines for children (UNICEF) - 2011
UNICEF’s Sources and Prices remains a useful guide to the availability and prices of 240 drug items in 612 different paediatric formulations selected from the ‘WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children’, including therapeutic food, and vitamin and mineral supplements, to treat major childhood illnesses and disease.

Good practices for selecting and procuring rapid diagnostic tests for malaria (WHO) - 2011
This practical 12-step checklist provides guidance on the selection and procurement of quality RDTs for malaria. It aims to strengthen the capacity of national and international procurement officers. It covers all aspects of the procurement cycle, with special emphasis on product specifications, selection criteria for different epidemiological settings, different quantification methodologies based on malaria surveillance and consumption data, as well as quality control through lot testing.

HIV diagnosis: a guide for selecting rapid diagnostic test (RDT) kits (UNICEF) - 2008
Helps in the decision making-process for procurement of RDTs. It also provides information that is useful for supply chain planning, including product shelf-life and storage requirements. Some product-specific information on RDTs currently available through UNICEF Supply Division is also included. These are all RDTs that have been assessed by the WHO Bulk Procurement Scheme.

BUDGETING AND PLANNING

 

Immunization Forecast Tool (UNICEF) - 2016
This spreadsheet helps you forecast for products such as vaccines, auto-disable syringes, safety boxes & deworming tablets. The tool is issued jointly by UNICEF Supply Division and Programme Division. The spreadsheet plus instructions for its completion are available in English and French.

Cold Chain Weight and Volume Calculator (UNICEF) -2015
The Cold Chain Weight & Volume Calculator is a practical tool for calculating the space required for in-country deliveries and cold chain storage. It is designed to help UNICEF partners/ EPI and supply managers to calculate their cold chain requirements easily for better supply and in-country logistic planning. Instructions are available in English and French.

PROCUREMENT

Sustainable Procurement Overview (UNGM) - 2016
Procurement is called sustainable when it integrates requirements, specifications and criteria that are compatible and in favour of the protection of the environment, of social progress and in support of economic development, namely by seeking resource efficiency, improving the quality of products and services and ultimately optimizing costs.

Strategic essential supplies (UNICEF) -2016
UNICEF focuses on commodities that are essential in driving down child mortality. Some of these commodities are easily available and affordable, but the availability of others is limited or in some cases, non-existent in the quality and price required to save lives. UNICEF places a strategic focus on these supplies to shape healthy markets.

UN Procurement Practitioners' Handbook (UNICEF) - 2014
The Handbook is a compilation of good procurement practices by UN organizations, including UNICEF. It complements, but does not replace, existing procurement rules and regulations, manuals, procedures, processes, etc.

DELIVERY AND CLEARANCE

Supplies on the way to (UNICEF) - 2015
See a visualization of which countries UNICEF essential supplies are going to, by value, on a world map. And compare month by month...

Incoterms 2010 (ICC) - 2010
The Incoterms® rules are an internationally recognized standard and are used worldwide in international and domestic contracts for the sale of goods. They help traders avoid costly misunderstandings by clarifying the tasks, costs and risks involved in the delivery of goods from sellers to buyers.

INSPECTION

Pre-qualification of medicines programme (WHO) - 2015
In close cooperation with national regulatory agencies and partner organizations, the PQ Programme aims to make quality priority medicines available for the benefit of those in need. This is achieved through its evaluation and inspection activities, and by building national capacity for sustainable manufacturing and monitoring of quality medicines.

Quality Assurance in the procurement of medicines (UNICEF) - 2010
PowerPoint presentation by UNICEF QA pharmacist.

WAREHOUSING, DISTRIBUTION AND RE-ORDER

Guidelines for warehousing health commodities (DELIVER) - 2014
A reference tool for managers and staff, whether they are constructing a new warehouse, implementing a new warehouse system, or redesigning their current system. Includes human resource, layout planning, racking systems and material handling equipment, and warehouse management system. Illustrated, including a proposed organogram.

Women's Initiative for Supply chain Excellence in humanitarian logistics (WISE) - 2013
WISE was formed in 2006 in response to the Indian Ocean tsunami out of concern that many of the relief supplies lacked gender sensitivity and women's hygiene was either poorly handled or overlooked. The group concluded that humanitarian programmes need a diverse workforce, including both men and women, to fully comprehend the varying needs and aspirations of the beneficiaries they serve. The group hoped that WISE would play a valuable role in supporting female humanitarian logisticians who felt isolated within the sector and encourage others into the profession.

Computerizing Logistics Management Information System (LMIS) for Managing HIV & AIDS Commodities (USAID/Deliver) - 2008
Information sheet on LMIS, a tool that helps supply chain and program staff manage and use logistics data from LMIS forms and reports for decision making at different levels of the supply chain.

Using last mile distribution to increase access to health commodities (USAID/DELIVER) - 2003
This guide, designed for in-country practitioners and decision makers, uses a range of real world examples to support selection and design of last mile distribution approaches which respond to specific challenges.

Guidelines for the storage of essential medicines and other health commodities (DELIVER) - 2003
A practical reference for those managing or involved in setting up a storeroom or warehouse, the guide contains written directions and clear illustrations on receiving and arranging commodities; special storage conditions; tracking commodities; maintaining the quality of the products; constructing and designing a medical store; waste management; and resources.

UTILISATION BY END-USER

The Pursuit of Responsible Use of Medicines: Sharing and Learning from Country Experiences (WHO)- 2012
Technical Report prepared for the Ministers Summit on the benefits of responsible use of medicines: Setting policies for better and cost-effective health care.

 MONITORING AND EVALUATION

Harmonized Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators for Procurement and Supply Management (WHO) - 2011
This manual is recommended for use in tracking the performance of national PSM systems and for preventing frequent stock-outs and overstocking, for regular use and interpretation of early-warning indicators. The indicators will also alert managers to areas in which technical support is required to strengthen the national system. Focuses on antiretroviral, anti-tuberculosis and anti-malaria medicines.

Logistics Indicator Assessment Tool (DELIVER) - 2011
The LIAT is used to conduct a facility-based survey to assess health commodity logistics system performance and commodity availability at health facilities. It can be used to monitor the performance of certain processes involved in the logistics management of health commodities over time, to evaluate certain outcomes of logistics interventions, to provide ongoing supervision and performance monitoring, and to monitor commodity availability.